Consider the Source
Put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text, especially when taking notes.
Paraphrase, but be sure you are not just
rearranging or replacing a few words. Instead, read over what you want
paraphrased carefully; cover up the text with your hand, or close the
text so you can't see any of it (and so aren't tempted to use the text
as a "guide"). Write out the idea in your own words without peeking.
Check your paraphrase against the original
text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or
words, and that the information is accurate.
A student must not adopt or reproduce
ideas, words, or statements of another person without appropriate
acknowledgment. A student must give credit to the originality of others
and acknowledge an indebtedness whenever he or she does any of the
a. Quotes another person's actual words, either oral or written;
b. Paraphrases another person's words, either oral or written;
c. Uses another person's idea, opinion, or theory; or
d. Borrows facts, statistics, or other illustrative material, unless the information is common knowledge."
Here are some great Web sites that can help you sniff out cheating and cite electronic sources accurately:
Copyright Basics and the Internet: http://server.remc12.k12.mi.us/lhslib/Copyright.htm (may need to copy and paste this url)
Noodletools: www.noodletools.com (great for students to help cite sources)
Plagiarism Stoppers: A Teacher's Guide: www.ncusd203.org/central/html/where/plagiarism_stoppers.html
Check out the book MLA Handbook for Writers of Research by Joseph Gibaldi in the High School Library. Call number: 808 GIB